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子张 第十九篇  

2011-08-09 02:09:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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加码德笔记【论语浅译子张 第十九篇 共二十五章

子张 第十九篇 共二十五章

19.1子张:士见危致命,见得思义,祭思敬,丧思哀,其可已矣!

本章论士之德行.

子张:一个读书人,遇到国家危难时,不惜其身.见到有利可得时,当考虑到是否合义.祭祀时,当想到要恭敬.居丧时,当想到应尽哀.能这样就可以了.

致命:授命,不惜其身;

子张:颛孙,孔子弟子.孔子48.陈国人,孔子曾说过师也过(11.14),师也辟(11.16);后世有子张之儒派.

Zizhang said:A man of virtue,when his country is in danger,he will offer his life; when facing gains,he will think of righteousness first,when attending sacrificial ceremony,he will keep respects in mind, when mourning he will be genuinely grievous. Such a man of virtue indeed.

19.2子张:执德不弘,信道不笃,焉能为? 焉能为?

本章言守德信道,宜弘宜笃也.

子张:守着德不去弘大,信着道不深厚笃实,这样的人,怎能算他有道? 怎能算他无道?

:守义; :大义; :深厚切实;

子张:颛孙,孔子弟子.孔子48.陈国人,孔子曾说过师也过(11.14),师也辟(11.16);后世有子张之儒派.

Zizhang said:When a man holds virtue but can not enhance it.He believes the righteous path but not serious enough.How can he be said to have possessed virtue or not?

19.3子夏之门人问交子张,子张:子夏云何? …对曰:子夏可者与之,其不可者拒之”;…子张:异乎吾所.君子尊贤而容众.嘉善而矜不能.我之大贤与?于人何所不容?我之不贤与?人将拒我,如之何其拒人也?

本章论结交之造也.

子夏的学生问交友之道子张,子张:你们的老师子夏是怎么说的呢? …那弟子回答:我们的老师说:可交的就和他做个朋友.那不可交的就拒绝和他往还;…子张:这和我听到的不一样. “君子当尊敬有贤德之人而,又能容纳普通人.赞美善良的,同情那些能力差的人”,我如果是个大贤人,对任何人有什么不能容纳的呢?我如果不是一个贤人,别人已经将要拒绝我,我怎么样去拒绝人呢?

问交:问结交之道; :同情,怜悯也;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮

子张:颛孙,孔子弟子.孔子48.陈国人,孔子曾说过师也过(11.14),师也辟(11.16);后世有子张之儒派.

The disciples of Zixia asked Zizhang about the principles of association.

Zizhang said:What did Zixia say?

They replied:Zixia says associate with those who are worthy associating with.Push away those who are not.

Zizhong said:This is different from what I have learned.Superior man honours the talented and virtuous,and bears with all.He praises the good and pities the incompetents.If I am a person of talents and virtue,whom could I not bear with? If I were a man without talents and virtue,what men will put me away from them? Why should I push anyone away?

19.4子夏:虽小道,必有可观者焉;致远恐泥,是以君子不为也.

本章言小道虽有可观,却不可作大道用.

子夏:虽然是一种小小的技艺,一定也有可观的地方.如想据以推求深远的大作为,便泥滞行不通.所以君子不愿学这些呢.

小道:小的技艺; :拘滞不通; :学也;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:Even the petty arts have something worthy to look at.But they proved to be quite a hindrance to lofty ideas.For that reason, a superior person would not practice them.

19.5子夏:日知其所亡,月无忘其所能,可谓好学也已矣!

本章言为学日益之道.

子夏:每天获得我所不知的,每月将已知的再温习着不让它忘掉,这样可算得是个好学的人啦.

:同无,谓己所未知者;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:A person who can daily search for what he does not know to learn,and revises it monthly of what he has learned to make sure he would not forget it.That may really be called fond of learning

19.6子夏:博学而笃志,切问而近思,仁在其中矣!

本章言学问思辨,即是仁的功夫.

子夏:多多地去学习研究,坚定自己的志向,有疑便切实问个明白,一切事理,要从浅近处去推想.仁道就在里面了.

笃志:坚守其志; :切实去详询; 近思:从浅近处去推想;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:A person who is erudite and consistent with his ambition,has a fervent desire to learn and diligent to think,kindness can also be found in this person.

19.7子夏:百工居肆以成其事;君子学以致其道.

本章言人为学,志在求达成正道.

子夏:各种行业工人居住在市廛之中,完成他们各项技艺上的事物.君子去学习,以求达到正道.

:市中陈列器物之所;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:Craftsmen of all sorts must stay in their workshops to accomplish their jobs.Superior men study anywhere to achieve their aims for virtue.

19.8子夏:小人之过也必文.

本章言小人有过,必加掩饰.

子夏:小人的过失,一定加以掩饰.

:砌词掩饰也;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:Mean people always gloss their mistakes.

19.9子夏:君子有三变:望之俨然,即之也温,听其言也厉.

本章形容君子之气概.

子夏:君子的态度,看上去有三种变化.远望他很庄重矜持.和他相接却又很温和可亲,听到他的言论,就感到非常严正.

俨然:庄重貌; 即之:与他接触; :严肃正确;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:A superior man has three changes of countenance.He looks stern from afar.genial when you are close to him,when he speaks, he is incisive.

19.10子夏:君子信而后劳其民,未信,则以为厉己也;信而后谏,未信,则以为谤己也.

本章言使民,事君,应以诚信.

子夏:在上位者必先有诚信于人,而后才去使民.当人民没有信赖时,为发动人民做事,人民以为是在上者虐害他们.君知你诚信,而后才可进谏,如果没得到信任,你去谏诤,就反而以为你是在毁谤于他呢.

:虐害; :言语毁坏

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:A superior man will not labour his people unless he has earned their trust,if not, people will think that he is oppressing them.He will not remonstrate his prince unless he has gained his trust.otherwise the prince will think that he is slandering him.

19.11 子夏:大德不踰闲,小德出入可也.

本章言大节不可越轨.小节可便宜行事也.

子夏:大节当不可超越范围;小节则可便宜行事,稍有出入,也还可以呢.

大德:大的礼节; 小德:普通日常的小礼节; 踰闲:超越范围;

子夏:507-?姓卜名商,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

Zixia said:The norm of major etiquettes must not be overstepped even slightly.Adjusting suitably for trifles are probably acceptable. 

19.12子游:子夏之门人小子,当洒扫应对进退则可矣!抑末也!本之则无如之何? …子夏闻之曰:!过矣!君子之道,孰先传焉?孰后倦焉?譬诸草木,区以别矣.君子之道焉可诬也?有始有卒者其惟圣人乎?

本章记子游子夏教人,未重根本.子夏以为教人,当有定序,不可躐等.

子游:子夏的学生,规定做洒扫庭院,应答宾客,进退仪节,这些倒也可以,可是这些只是末节,根本道理却没有,这算什么呢?…子夏听到说:!子游的说法错了,君子教人之道,那些应先传授?那些该在后面,便懒得传授呢?譬如种植草木一样,按着种类分别,君子教人,那能不分深浅枉加施教呢?教学要有始有终的.这只有圣人才能做到吧!

:不合程度枉加施教; :终也;

子游:511-?,子游,国人..武城.特习于礼,尤于文学,列位孔门十哲(子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).

子夏:507-?姓,,孔子晚年的得意弟子(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子夏继孔子之后,系统性传授儒家经典的第一人.被后世誉为传经鼻祖.他晚年是战国时期开始,魏国西河一带教学,开创的{西河学派}培育出大批经国治世良材,并成为孔儒支流法家成长的摇篮.

 

Ziyou said:The disciples of Zixia are learning to sprinkle,sweep,answer guest as reception and seeing them off.Are these learnings not come last? Basic learnings are omitted,why so?

Zixia heard of it and said:Alas! Yan You(Ziyou)is wrong.The way of a superior man(for teaching),what would he choose to teach first? What would be too tiresome  to teach at last? Take planting for example,are there not different species? The way of a superior man(for teaching), how can it be disorderly? Have a beginning and have a ffinish, that is only a sage can do!

19.13子贡:仕而优则学,学而优则仕.本章言修己治人,不断求进.

子贡:做官做到很完美而有余力,就应该去研究学问.为学有了心得而有余力,就应该出来做官.

:做事能完美而余有力;

子贡:端木赐卫国人.(贡本作赣),孔子弟子,孔子31,(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子贡有口才,能料事,善科殖,家累千金.相卫,.尝说吴出师敌齐以存鲁.聘享诸侯.所至之国,其国君无不与之分庭抗礼.卒于.

Zigong said:One who excels in works should devote to study with spare energy.One who excels in studies should devote to work with spare energy as well.

19.14子游:,致乎哀而止;

本章言丧当哀即止.

子游:居丧,达到哀就够了.

子游:511-?,子游,国人..武城.特习于礼,尤于文学,列位孔门十哲(子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).

Ziyou said:Mourning should be stopped at grief.

Connotation:excessive grief is debilitating.

19.15子游:吾友,为难能也!然而未仁.

本章子张未入仁域.

子游:我的朋友子张,像他那样的修持,已很难做到了,然而未入仁的境界.

子游:511-?,子游,国人..武城.特习于礼,尤于文学,列位孔门十哲(子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).

子张:颛孙,孔子弟子.孔子48.陈国人,孔子曾说过师也过(11.14),师也辟(11.16);后世有子张之儒派.

Ziyou said:My friend Zizhang can achieve things that are difficult to accomplish.But he is not benevolent yet.

19.16曾子:堂堂乎.难与并为仁矣!

本章子张重在外表,未能内俢仁德.

曾子:看起来外表堂堂皇皇的子张! 很难和他同修内在的仁德呢!

堂堂:外表美盛有气派.曾子在这里指子张为学只讲外表,不重视内心的道德修养,所以下文说难以和他一起达到仁.

曾子:子舆505-436武城,曾点之子.父子皆为孔子弟子.事亲至孝.悟圣道一贯之旨.以其学传子思(孔子孙儿),后世称为宗圣.作曾子十八篇.孔子孙儿孔伋之师也,子思之儒.孔伋曾子孝道矣.

子张:颛孙,孔子弟子.孔子48.陈国人,孔子曾说过也过(11.14),也辟(11.16);后世有子张之儒派.

Zengzi said:How imposing is the manner of Zizang. It is difficult to practice virtue together with him.

19.17曾子:吾闻诸夫子:“人未有自致者也,必也亲丧乎!”

本章言人虽未能尽其在己,尚能尽心亲丧.

曾子:我听到老师讲过人未有能自尽其心的,假使说是有的话,一定是尽心于亲丧了吧!

曾子:子舆505-436武城,曾点之子.父子皆为孔子弟子.事亲至孝.悟圣道一贯之旨.以其学传子思(孔子孙儿),后世称为宗圣.作曾子十八篇.孔子孙儿孔伋之师也,子思之儒.孔伋曾子孝道矣.

Zengzi said:I once heard our master said ‘even for those who do not like to exude their true feelings,would definitely show genuine grief at their mournings ’

19.18曾子:吾闻诸夫子:“孟庄子之孝也,其它可能也,其不改父之臣与父之政,是难能也.

本章孟庄子之孝行.

曾子:我曾听老师讲过孟庄子的孝行,别的事情,其它人都可做到,只有不更改父亲所用的臣子和父亲之政令,是别人难做得到的啊!”

孟庄子:仲孙,,国大夫,其父献子,有贤德.

曾子:子舆505-436武城,曾点之子.父子皆为孔子弟子.事亲至孝.悟圣道一贯之旨.以其学传子思(孔子孙儿),后世称为宗圣.作曾子十八篇.孔子孙儿孔伋之师也,子思之儒.孔伋曾子孝道矣.

Zengzi said:I heard our master said ‘The acts of filial piety of Meng Zhuangzi, most of them are easy to do .Except for not replacing his father’s ministers and changing the old policy,that would be hard for others to copy him ’

19.19孟氏使阳肤为士师,曾子,曾子:上失其道,民散久矣!如得其情,则哀矜而勿喜.

本章曾子阳肤为士,要体恤下情.

孟氏阳肤为狱官,阳肤曾子请教.曾子:在上位的失去正道,民心散离已很久了!(指人民容易犯法);如你在判狱时,获悉他们犯罪实在情形,就要同情他们,不要以为查出真相自以为喜.

:狱官(柳下惠为士师也); :民心散离; 如得其情:如知道其犯罪实情,当哀怜其无知;

孟氏: 孟敬子:大夫,复姓仲孙,公子庆父之后.庆父共仲,故以为仲氏.亦曰仲孙.庆父,讳弑君之罪,更为孟氏.亦曰孟孙氏.

阳肤:据说是孔子弟子.

曾子:子舆505-436武城,曾点之子.父子皆为孔子弟子.事亲至孝.悟圣道一贯之旨.以其学传子思(孔子孙儿),后世称为宗圣.{曾子十八篇}.孔子孙儿孔伋之师也,子思之儒.孔伋曾子孝道矣.

The leader of the Meng Clan appointed Yang Fu as chief warden.Yang Fu asked Zengzi for advise.Zengzi said:As rulers have failed their duties, people have gone astray for a long time.When you discovered the truth of any crime, be sad and pity for them instead of feelinghappy and  contentfor yourself.

19.20子贡:之不善,不如是之甚也.是以君子悪居下流,天下之恶皆归焉.

本章子贡王以诫人勿居下流,人将以众恶加之.

子贡:商纣的不善,并不像如今所传的那么厉害啊! 所以有道君子憎厌处于下等不善的环境里.往往会将天下的坏事,都会加在你身上来.

不如是:不像如今所传的;

:zhou粤读就,朝末代君主.相传是暴君.所以众说[助纣为虐]比喻帮助坏人做坏事;

子贡:端木赐卫国人.(贡本作赣),孔子弟子,孔子31,(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子贡有口才,能料事,善科殖,家累千金.相卫,.尝说吴出师敌齐以存鲁.聘享诸侯.所至之国,其国君无不与之分庭抗礼.卒于.

Zigong said:The wickedness of Emperor Zhou(Shang dynasty)was actually not as wicked as depicted today.Thats why a superior man hates to dwell in a ground where its moral standard is low.All bad reputations would flow in upon him like water.

19.21子贡:君子之过也,如日月之食焉.过也,人皆见之,更也,人皆仰之.

本章言君子有过必改.光明磊落.

子贡:君子的过失,好比天上的日蚀和月蚀一样,一有过失,人人都会看见.等他改了,人人还是仰望着他.

日月之食:日蚀月蚀; :改过;

子贡:端木赐卫国人.(贡本作赣),孔子弟子,孔子31,(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子贡有口才,能料事,善科殖,家累千金.相卫,.尝说吴出师敌齐以存鲁.聘享诸侯.所至之国,其国君无不与之分庭抗礼.卒于.

Zigong said:The faults of a superior man are like eclipses of the sun and the moon.When he is making a mistake, everyone sees it. When he is correcting it, everyone looks up to admire him.

19.22卫公孙朝问于子贡:仲尼焉学? …子贡:文武之道,未坠于地,在人;贤者识其大者,不贤者识其小者.莫不有文武之道焉.夫子焉不学? 而亦何常师之有?

本章言自古圣贤下学而上达,并无专师.

国大夫公孙朝子贡说道:仲尼的学问,是从何处得来的? …子贡:文王,武王所留传下来的礼乐典章制度,还没有全亡失,如今的人,还能知道,贤人能知道那些重大的,不贤的人知道那些细小的,他们都传着文武之道.我们老师,何尝不学,那有什么固定老师呢?

公孙朝:国大夫; 文武之道:周文王,周武王之谟训功烈; 未坠于地:没有坠落亡失; 常师:固定的老师;

:周文王.周武王之父.殷纣王时为西伯侯.国于岐山之下.西伯侯积善施仁.政化大行,崇侯虎谗之于纣,被囚羑(yao);其臣散宜生等献以美女玉帛得释归.益行善政.诸侯多归之.三分天下有其二.武王有天下,追尊为文王.

:周武王,周文王之子,.末期,嗣为西伯.殷纣无道,武王率诸侯策征,殷纣牧野自焚而死.武王乃代有天下.即帝位.国都[今陕西长安](hao读号).在位十九年崩.谥曰.

子贡: 端木赐卫国人.(贡本作赣),孔子弟子,孔子31,(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子贡有口才,能料事,善科殖,家累千金.相卫,.尝说吴出师敌齐以存鲁.聘享诸侯.所至之国,其国君无不与之分庭抗礼.卒于.

Gongsun Chao of Wei asked Zigong:Who taught Zhongni(Confucius)?

Zigong answered:The Way of King Wen and King Wu of Zhou have not fallen into ruins.They are found within men.Men of virtue and talents memorize its major principles. Others grasp its minor principles.There is not anyone who does not possess some sort of Wen-Wu principle.How would the master not have learned from them? Why would he need a fixed teacher?

19.23叔孙武叔语大夫于朝曰:子贡贤于仲尼; …子服景伯以告子贡.子贡:譬之宫,之墙也及肩,窥见室家之好.夫子之墙数仞,不得其门而入,不见宗庙之美,百官之富.得其门者或寡矣.夫子之云,不亦宜乎!

本章子贡赞美孔子之德.

叔孙武叔在朝廷上向众大夫说:仲尼还要贤; …子服景伯把这话告诉子贡. 子贡:譬如家屋外面的围墙,(子贡自称)的墙,高只到人肩,可从墙外看见家中一切美好的陈设.老师的墙,高达好几仞,如果不得其门而入,就看不见里面像宗庙装饰的辉煌,也见不到文武百官盛多.能够找到门径进去的人或者太少了.武叔大夫所说的.不是很合适么?

叔孙武叔:大夫,叔孙,州仇,谥曰; 子服景伯:大夫,子服,,,谥曰; 宫墙:居家之围墙; :八尺曰仞; 夫子:这里指叔孙;

子贡: 端木赐卫国人.(贡本作赣),孔子弟子,孔子31,(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子贡有口才,能料事,善科殖,家累千金.相卫,.尝说吴出师敌齐以存鲁.聘享诸侯.所至之国,其国君无不与之分庭抗礼.卒于.

Shusun Wushun talking to some senior officers at court,said:Zigong has better talents than Zhongni.

Zifu Jingbo told Zigong about it.Zigong said:Let me compare it as a fence of wall surrounding a house.Ci(Zigong) wall is only shoulder height.People can peep my house clearly and thoroughly over it.The fence wall of the house for my master is several fathoms tall.If one could not find doors to enter such kind of houses, one cannot see the beauty of the ancestral temple,nor the rich varieties of wealthy officers.But I am afraid that those who find the door to enter the house of my master are few.So it is no wonder that he should speak like that for my master.

19.24叔孙武叔仲尼,子贡:无以为也!仲尼不可毁也.他人之贤者,丘陵也.犹可踰也,仲尼,日月也.无得而踰焉.人虽欲自绝,其何伤于日月乎?多见其不知量也!

本章记子贡孔子之德,如浮云遮月日.不能损其光明也.

叔孙武叔毁谤孔子.子贡:这样做是没有用的.仲尼是不能毁谤的.其它人有的才德,如同丘陵一般高.还可超越过去.仲尼同日月的一般高,是无法超越的.一个人即使想弃绝日月的光明,这对日月又有甚么损害呢??真多么显得不知度量自己啊!

无以为也:不可以这样做啊; :才德也; 自绝: 自绝于日月; :,适也; 不知量:不知量度自己;

叔孙武叔:大夫,叔孙,州仇,谥曰;

子贡: 端木赐卫国人.(贡本作赣),孔子弟子,孔子31,(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子贡有口才,能料事,善科殖,家累千金.相卫,.尝说吴出师敌齐以存鲁.聘享诸侯.所至之国,其国君无不与之分庭抗礼.卒于.

Shusun Wushu slandered Zhongni. Zigong said:.Do not do that.Zhongni can not be calumniated. Anyone else talents,are just like molds,all but only surmountable.The talents of Zhongni,are like the sun and the moon.They are unsurmountable.Althoug someone might wish to boycott the sun and the moon.What harm can they do to them? Excessively overrating themselves, Thats all! 

19.25陈子禽子贡:子为恭也,仲尼岂贤于子乎? …子贡:君子一言以为知, 一言以为不知.言不可慎也.夫子之不可及也.犹天之不可阶而升也.夫子之得邦家者,所谓立之斯立,道之斯行,绥之斯来,动之斯和,其生也荣,其死也哀.如之何其可及也?

本章记子贡赞美孔子才德之伟大,非人之所可及.

陈子禽子贡:你是对老师(孔子)特别谦让罢了,仲尼难道会贤过于你么? …子贡:君子听人一句话,就看出他是智. 一句话,就看出他是不智.人说话不可不慎重啊!老师道德之高是人都不可及的,好像天样,不可用阶梯登上去的啊!老师如得到掌理国的国政,如古人所说立之以礼,则民无不立了.导之以礼,则民无不听从.安乐其民,则远方之人,皆闻风而来了.适时发动人民服役,人民皆和穆相从了.生前受到人人尊敬的光荣,死后受人人怀念的哀思.这样,别人怎能赶得上呢?”

为恭:恭敬谦逊于师也; :阶梯也; 立之斯立:立之以礼,则民无不立; 道之斯行:导之以礼,则民莫不从; 绥之斯来:安乐其民,则远人闻风而来归; 动之斯和:发动民役,则民皆和穆相从;

陈子禽:511-430子元,一字子禽,又名原亢,小孔子40.(安徽蒙城县).大夫陈子车之弟.孔子弟子,77位弟子中名列第68.曾做过单父(山东县南).陈亢为宰时,施德政于民,颇受后人好评.其兄死(大夫),反对家人殉葬.

子贡:端木.国人.(本作),孔子弟子,孔子31,(孔子十哲之一:子渊,子骞,伯牛,仲弓,子有,子贡,子路,子我,子游,子夏).子贡有口才,能料事,善科殖,家累千金.相卫,.尝说吴出师敌齐以存鲁.聘享诸侯.所至之国,其国君无不与之分庭抗礼.卒于.

Chen Ziqin told Zigong:You are too modest. How can Zhongnie(Confucius) said to be better than you?

Zigong said: For one word a superior man is set as wise,and for one word he is deemed to be unwise. So we should be careful indeed about what word we say. No one can equal the master, like heaven cannot be climbed up to by a ladder. Had the master ever been able to put propriety in to the control of a state or of royal family, it would be like what he had proclaimed, in his words . Raise them with propriety and they will stand up like so; lead them the righteous way and they will walk like so; pacify them and the afar will arrive; labour them at appropriate times and they are harmonious.His life has been glorified by all; his death has been bitterly lamented by all. As such,how can the master be ever equaled?
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