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on china 论中国6b  

2013-12-08 13:56:33|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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加码德笔记【论中国第七章危机四起的十年: “文革

At the same time, the 1962 war added another formidable adversary for China at a moment when relations with the Soviet Union had gone beyond the point of no return. For the Soviet offer of support proved as fleeting as the Soviet nuclear presence in Cuba. As soon as military clashes in the Himalayas escalated, Moscow adopted a posture of neutrality. To rub salt into Chinese wounds, Khrushchev justified his neutrality with the proposition that he was promoting the loathed principle of peaceful coexistence. A December 1962 editorial in the People's Daily, the official newspaper of the Chi?nese Communist Party, angrily noted that this marked the first time a Communist state had not sided with another Communist state against a bourgeois country: "For a communist the minimum requirement is that he should make a clear distinction between the enemy and our?selves, that he should be ruthless towards the enemy and kind to his own comrades. The editorial added a somewhat plaintive call for Chinas allies to examine their conscience and ask themselves what has become of their Marxism-Leninism and what has become of their proletarian internationalism. 同时1962年的战争对中国来说其实增加了一个对手而此刻其与苏联的关系已经到了无可挽回的地步。苏 虽表示过愿意提供支持,但随着苏联核导弹撤出古巴,这种意向便转瞬即逝了。中印边境的军事冲突刚一升级,苏联便摆出了中立姿态:赫鲁夫还往中国的伤口上撒盐,他以维护“和平共处”为托词,苏联保持中立的行辩护。196212月,中共官方纸《人民日报》刊登的社论愤怒地写道,这是一次一个共产党国家不支持另一共产党国家与“资本主义国家”的斗争:“对共产党人来说,一个起码的要求应该是分清敌我,应该是 对敌狠,对己和。”社论中还痛心疾首地呼吁中国的盟友“心自问,他们的马克思列宁主义丢到哪里去了?他们的无产阶级国际主义丢到哪里去了?”By 1964the Soviets dropped even the pretense of neutrality. Refer?ring to the Cuban Missile Crisis, Mikhail Suslov, a member of the Po?litburo and party ideologist, accused the Chinese of aggression against India at a moment of maximum difficulty for the Soviet Union: It is a fact that precisely at the height of the Caribbean crisis the Chinese People's Republic extended the armea conflict on the Chinese-Indian border. No matter how the Chinese leaders have tried since then to justify their conduct at the time they cannot escape the responsibility for the fact that through their actions they in effect aided the Most reactionary circles of imperialism. 到了 1964苏联甚至把中立的面纱也撕去了。政治局 委员、苏共意识形态观念家米哈伊尔丨苏斯洛夫在提到古巴导弹危机时指责中国在苏联极度困难时期印度发动恶斗。他说:实是,在加勒比海危机最严重的时刻,中华人民共和国在中印边界上扩大了武装冲突的事态。事后中国领导人再怎我辩解难辞其咎,因他的行动实上对帝国主政府里最反对其政治变革反动分子圈圈里辅助了为虎添翼的作用China, having barely overcome a vast famine, now had declared adversaries on all frontiers. The cultural Revolution At this moment of potential national emergency, Mao chose to smash the Chinese state and the Communist Party. He launched what he hoped would prove a final assault on the stubborn remnants of traditional Chinese culture-from the rubble of which, he prophesied, would rise a new ideologically pure generation better equipped to safe?guard the revolutionary cause from its domestic and foreign foes. He propelled China into the decade of ideological frenzy,vicious factional politics, and near civil war known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. 中国尚未渡过大饥荒的难关,便又陷入了腹背受敌的境地。文化大革命”就在国际形势日益严峻的紧要关头,毛泽东在国内向传统中国文化顽固的残渣余孽发起了猛烈攻击。他预言说,这将是最后的总攻,在中华废墟上将崛起共主义信仰坚定的新一代.他们能更好地捍卫革命事业,抵御国内外的敌人。他把中国人推入了思想狂热、派系争斗、近乎内战的10年。这就是“无产阶级文化大革命

下篇笔记【论中国第七章危机四起的十年之“无产阶级文化大革命()

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